Peripheral Artery Disease Treatment in CMC Dubai

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Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is a vascular condition that affects the arteries outside the heart, primarily those supplying the limbs. This article provides a detailed overview of PAD, including its causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and preventive measures.

Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral Artery Disease, often referred to as peripheral vascular disease, occurs when arteries that carry blood to the limbs become narrowed or blocked due to atherosclerosis, restricting blood flow.

Causes and Risk Factors of Peripheral Artery Disease

The primary cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, the buildup of fatty deposits and plaque within the arterial walls. Several risk factors contribute to its development, including. PAD is more common in older individuals, and men are at a higher risk than women. Tobacco use is a significant risk factor for PAD, as it accelerates the progression of atherosclerosis.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Peripheral Artery Disease

Symptoms of PAD can vary, but common signs include:

    • Leg pain or cramping during physical activity (intermittent claudication)
    • Numbness or weakness in the legs
    • Coldness or change in skin color in the affected limb
    • Slow-healing sores or ulcers on the feet or legs
    • Diagnosis involves several methods, including physical exams, ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurements, ultrasound, and angiography to assess the extent of arterial narrowing.

Treatment Options of Peripheral Artery Disease

  1. Lifestyle Modifications  Quitting smoking is crucial to slow the progression of PAD. Supervised exercise programs can improve symptoms and overall cardiovascular health. Adopting a balanced, low-fat diet helps manage cholesterol levels and reduce plaque buildup.
  2. Minimally Invasive Procedures A catheter-based procedure that inflates a balloon to open narrowed arteries. In some cases, a stent is inserted to keep the artery open. Removal of plaque using a catheter with a rotating shaver.
  3. Surgical Options In severe cases, surgical procedures like bypass grafting may be necessary to reroute blood flow around blocked arteries.

Preventive Measures of Peripheral Artery Disease

  1. Risk Factor Management
    • Control high blood pressure and diabetes.
    • Maintain a healthy weight.
    • Manage cholesterol levels.
    • Avoid tobacco use.
    • Regularly exercise and follow a heart-healthy diet.
  2. Regular Medical Check-ups Routine check-ups help monitor risk factors and detect PAD in its early stages.

Peripheral Artery Disease is a significant vascular condition that warrants attention and understanding. Recognizing its causes, risk factors, and potential symptoms is essential for early detection and intervention. With appropriate lifestyle modifications, medical treatments, and preventive measures, individuals can effectively manage PAD and reduce the risk of complications. If you suspect any symptoms or have concerns about your vascular health, consult a healthcare professional for a comprehensive evaluation and personalized care plan.


Peripheral Artery Disease is a vascular condition where arteries in the limbs become narrowed or blocked due to atherosclerosis, leading to reduced blood flow.

Common symptoms include leg pain during physical activity, numbness or weakness in the legs, skin changes, and slow-healing sores on the feet or legs.

Diagnosis involves physical exams, ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurements, ultrasound, and angiography to assess arterial narrowing.

Treatments range from lifestyle changes and medications to minimally invasive procedures like angioplasty and, in severe cases, surgical options like bypass grafting.

Yes, risk factor management through a healthy lifestyle, regular check-ups, and addressing conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes can help prevent or manage Peripheral Artery Disease.

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