Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment of Deformed Knee | CMC Dubai

A deformed knee, characterized by an abnormal or misaligned shape, can result from various underlying causes and related conditions

Common Causes of Deformed Knee

  1. Osteoarthritis: The most common cause of knee deformity, osteoarthritis leads to the gradual breakdown of joint cartilage, resulting in joint deformities, often characterized by bone spurs and joint narrowing.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis: This autoimmune disease can cause chronic inflammation in the knee joint, leading to joint deformities and pain.
  3. Gout: Elevated uric acid levels can lead to the formation of urate crystals in the knee joint, causing inflammation and deformity.
  4. Injuries: Trauma, such as fractures, dislocations, or ligament tears, can damage the knee joint and result in deformities if not properly treated.
  5. Congenital Conditions: Some individuals are born with knee deformities due to developmental issues or genetic factors.
  6. Tumors: Bone tumors, whether benign or malignant, can affect the knee joint’s structure and cause deformities.
  7. Infections: Serious joint infections can lead to joint destruction and deformity if left untreated.
  8. Connective Tissue Disorders: Conditions like Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or Marfan syndrome can affect joint stability and contribute to deformities.
  9. Overuse or Misuse: Chronic overuse or poor biomechanics can lead to structural changes in the knee joint, resulting in deformities.

Deformed Knee
Proper evaluation of a deformed knee typically involves a medical history, physical examination, imaging studies (X-rays, MRI), and sometimes joint aspiration or blood tests. Clemenceau Medical Center Hospital offers specialized orthopedic care to diagnose and manage knee deformities, providing appropriate treatment options, which may include physical therapy, medications, bracing, or surgical interventions, tailored to each patient’s needs. Early diagnosis and intervention are essential to manage pain and prevent further joint damage.

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