Coughing up blood, medically known as hemoptysis, is a concerning symptom that can arise from various underlying causes and related conditions
Common Causes of Coughing up Blood
Respiratory Infections: Common infections like bronchitis, pneumonia, or tuberculosis can lead to irritated airways and coughing up blood.
Chronic Bronchitis: Inflammation of the bronchial tubes due to long-term exposure to irritants, such as smoking, can result in hemoptysis.
Lung Cancer: Malignant tumors in the lungs can cause bleeding into the airways, leading to coughing up blood.
Pulmonary Embolism: Blood clots in the lungs can damage blood vessels, resulting in hemoptysis.
Bronchiectasis: Chronic lung condition characterized by the widening of airways can cause persistent coughing with blood-tinged sputum.
Cystic Fibrosis: A genetic disorder that affects the lungs can lead to recurrent respiratory infections and hemoptysis.
Vasculitis: Inflammatory conditions like granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener’s granulomatosis) can affect blood vessels in the lungs and lead to bleeding.
Trauma: Injuries to the chest or lung can result in bleeding and hemoptysis.
Clotting Disorders: Conditions like hemophilia or anticoagulant medications can increase the risk of bleeding and coughing up blood.
Environmental Factors: Exposure to environmental toxins or pollutants can irritate the respiratory tract and lead to hemoptysis.
Proper evaluation of hemoptysis often involves a medical history, physical examination, chest imaging (X-ray or CT scan), bronchoscopy, and sometimes biopsy to determine the underlying cause. Clemenceau Medical Center Hospital offers specialized pulmonary care to diagnose and manage the specific condition causing coughing up blood, ensuring appropriate treatment and care for patients. Early diagnosis is vital to address potentially serious conditions like lung cancer or pulmonary embolism.