Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment of Changes in Menstrual Patterns

Changes in menstrual patterns, such as alterations in the regularity, duration, or flow of menstrual periods, can be indicative of various underlying causes and related conditions:

Common Causes of Changes in menstrual patterns

  1. Pregnancy: Irregular or missed periods can be an early sign of pregnancy.
  2. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder that can lead to irregular periods, heavy bleeding, or prolonged cycles due to the development of small cysts on the ovaries.
  3. Stress: Physical or emotional stress can disrupt hormonal balance, causing irregular periods.
  4. Thyroid Disorders: Overactive (hyperthyroidism) or underactive (hypothyroidism) thyroid function can impact menstrual regularity.
  5. Menopause: The transition to menopause is often marked by changes in menstrual patterns, including irregular periods and eventual cessation.
  6. Uterine Fibroids: Non-cancerous growths in the uterus can lead to heavy or prolonged periods.
  7. Endometriosis: A condition where tissue similar to the uterine lining grows outside the uterus, often causing pain and irregular bleeding.
  8. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): Infections in the reproductive organs can disrupt menstrual cycles and cause pain.
  9. Use of Birth Control: Certain contraceptives, like hormonal IUDs or birth control pills, can lead to changes in menstrual patterns.
  10. Excessive Exercise or Weight Loss: Intense physical activity or significant weight loss can affect hormonal balance, causing amenorrhea (absence of periods).
  11. Medications: Some medications, such as anticoagulants or certain antidepressants, can affect menstrual cycles.
  12. Ovarian or Uterine Cancer: In rare cases, changes in menstrual patterns can be associated with cancer.

Changes in Menstrual Patterns
Proper evaluation of menstrual changes often requires a medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and imaging studies. Clemenceau Medical Center Hospital offers specialized care to diagnose and manage the specific condition causing these changes, ensuring appropriate treatment and care for patients’ reproductive health. Early diagnosis is essential to address any underlying medical conditions.

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