Goiter Treatment in Dubai at CMC | Best Goiter Doctor Dubai
Appointment

Goiter Treatment in Dubai at Clemenceau Medical Center Hospital

Goiter is a medical condition characterized by the enlargement of the thyroid gland, which is located at the base of the neck. This gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism. The thyroid gland usually grows in size in response to the body’s increased demand for thyroid hormones. However, when the gland becomes enlarged beyond its normal size, it is referred to as a goiterive. At CMC Hospital Dubai, we offer both conservative, medical and surgical goiter treatment options in Dubai

Types of Goiter

There are several types of goiters, which can be categorized based on their causes, size, and location. Common types of goiters include:

Simple Goiter – This the most common type of goiter, and it is usually caused by an iodine deficiency in the diet. Iodine is an essential nutrient that is required for the production of thyroid hormones. When the body does not get enough iodine, the thyroid gland enlarges in an attempt to produce more hormones.

Multinodular Goiter – This type of goiter is characterized by the presence of multiple nodules (lumps) on the thyroid gland. These nodules can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

Thyroiditis – This is an inflammation of the thyroid gland, which can be caused by viral infections or autoimmune disorders. Thyroiditis can lead to the development of a goiter.

Graves’ Disease – This is an autoimmune disorder that causes the thyroid gland to overproduce hormones, leading to hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid). Graves’ disease is characterized by the presence of a diffuse goiter, which means that the entire thyroid gland is enlarged.

Goiter Symptoms

In most cases, goiters do not cause any symptoms. However, if the goiter is large enough, it can cause the following symptoms:

  • Swelling at the base of the neck: This is the most common symptom of goiter. The enlargement of the thyroid gland can cause visible swelling at the base of the neck, which may be more noticeable when looking in the mirror.
  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing: A large goiter can put pressure on the esophagus or the trachea (the tube that carries air to the lungs), leading to difficulty swallowing or breathing.
  • Hoarseness or voice changes: A large goiter can also put pressure on the vocal cords, leading to hoarseness or changes in the voice.
  • Coughing or wheezing: A large goiter can also put pressure on the lungs, leading to coughing or wheezing.
  • Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism: In some cases, a goiter can cause the thyroid gland to overproduce or underproduce hormones, leading to symptoms of hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid) or hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid).

Causes of Goiter

The most common cause of goiter is an iodine deficiency in the diet. Iodine is an essential nutrient that is required for the production of thyroid hormones. When the body does not get enough iodine, the thyroid gland enlarges in an attempt to produce more hormones. However, in some cases, goiters can also be caused by other factors, such as:

  • Genetics
  • Autoimmune disorders – Such as Graves’ disease, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, can cause the thyroid gland to enlarge.
  • Thyroid nodules: Thyroid nodules can cause the thyroid gland to enlarge, leading to the development of a goiter.
  • Radiation exposure

Goiter Treatment in Dubai

Treatment options for goiter depend on the size and underlying cause of the goiter.

  • Observation – In some cases, treatment may not be necessary if the goiter is small and does not cause any symptoms
  • Iodine supplements: If the goiter is caused by an iodine deficiency, iodine supplements may be prescribed to help reduce the size of the goiter.
  • Thyroid hormone replacement therapy: If the goiter is caused by an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), thyroid hormone replacement therapy may be prescribed to help reduce the size of the goiter.
  • Radioactive iodine therapy: Radioactive iodine therapy may be used to treat a goiter caused by hyperthyroidism. This treatment involves taking radioactive iodine, which is absorbed by the thyroid gland and destroys the overactive thyroid cells.
  • Surgery: If the goiter is large or causing significant symptoms, surgery may be necessary to remove all or part of the thyroid gland. This is usually recommended if the goiter is causing difficulty swallowing or breathing, or if there is a risk of cancer.
Start chat
1
Chat with us
Hello
I’d like to book an appointment