Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent form of arthritis, and it affects a large population of people worldwide. It often occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of the bones wears down over time.
The Osteoarthritis clinic at CMC is led by a multidisciplinary team of world-class rheumatologists, US and western board-certified orthopedic surgeons and sports medicine experts and who diagnose, treat, and manage a wide range of arthritis and other bone joint conditions.
Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint in the body, it frequently affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine joints.
It is advisable to visit the Osteoarthritis clinic if you experience symptoms that include:
Osteoarthritis develops over time as the cartilage that protects the ends of your bones in the joint slowly wears away. Bone begins to rub on the bone if the cartilage wears down completely.
Osteoarthritis also damages the entire joint in addition to the cartilage. The connective tissue that holds the joint together and connects muscles to the bone deteriorates and alters the bone. Besides, it leads to joint lining irritation.
The following are some of the factors that can increase your risk of arthritis:
On your first appointment, your symptoms and history will be discussed with the doctor, who will also perform a physical exam. He/she may order diagnostic procedures like X-rays or blood testing.
Your appointment may take about an hour because the doctor will examine your body physically to check for swelling, range of motion, stability, muscular function, and sensitive spots.
The clinic will work with you to establish a treatment plan that will be individualized to suit your needs.
Although Osteoarthritis cannot be cured, there are numerous therapy options that can help people manage their pain and maintain an active lifestyle.
Your therapy program may consist of the following:
Osteoarthritis in the hands and wrists is more common in older adults and women although the exact cause is unknown.
The treatment for osteoarthritis in the hands and wrists is focused on reducing pain, improving joint function, and preventing further damage to the affected joints. Some common treatments for osteoarthritis in the hands and wrists include:
Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen or naproxen can help reduce pain and inflammation.
Topical Creams: Topical creams containing capsaicin or diclofenac can also be applied to the affected area to reduce pain and inflammation.
Splints or Braces: Wearing a splint or brace can help support the affected joint and reduce pain.
Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can develop an exercise program to help improve joint function and reduce pain.
Corticosteroid Injections: Corticosteroid injections can be administered directly into the affected joint to reduce pain and inflammation.
Surgery: In severe cases of osteoarthritis, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace the affected joint.
Lifestyle Modifications: Maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding repetitive motions that strain the hands and wrists, and doing exercises to improve joint strength and flexibility can also help manage symptoms and prevent further joint damage.