Lyme Disease Test & Treatment in Dubai at CMC Hospital
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi, which is primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected black-legged tick. The disease is named after the town of Lyme, Connecticut, where the first cases were identified in the 1970s. It is the most common vector-borne disease in the United States, with over 30,000 cases reported each year.
Risk Factors of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease can occur in people of all ages, but it is most common in children, adults over the age of 60, and people who live or work in areas with high tick populations. Other risk factors for Lyme disease include spending time in wooded or grassy areas, not wearing protective clothing or using insect repellent, and having pets that can bring ticks into the home.
Causes of Lyme Disease
The bacteria that cause Lyme disease are primarily transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected black-legged tick. The tick must be attached to the person’s skin for at least 24 hours to transmit the bacteria. Not all ticks are infected with the bacteria, and not all people who are bitten by an infected tick will develop Lyme disease.
Symptoms of Lyme Disease
Lyme disease can cause a variety of symptoms, which can vary depending on the stage of the disease. In the early stage, within days to weeks after the tick bite, symptoms may include fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscle and joint aches, and a characteristic “bull’s-eye” rash around the site of the tick bite. In later stages, which can occur weeks to months after the initial infection, symptoms may include severe headaches, neck stiffness, arthritis, heart palpitations, facial palsy, and memory problems.
Treatment of Lyme Disease
The most common treatment for Lyme disease is a course of antibiotics which are most effective in the early stages of the disease. In later stages, intravenous antibiotics may be necessary. In some cases, people with persistent symptoms after treatment, a condition called post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome, may require additional therapy or supportive care. Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs may also be used to manage symptoms.
Prevention of Lyme Disease
Preventing Lyme disease involves reducing exposure to ticks and taking steps to avoid tick bites. This includes wearing protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts and pants, using insect repellent containing DEET, and checking for ticks after spending time outdoors. It’s also important to remove ticks promptly and properly, using fine-tipped tweezers to grasp the tick close to the skin and pulling upward with steady, even pressure.