Myositis is a condition that affects the muscles, causing inflammation and muscle weakness. It can be caused by a variety of conditions and can have a range of symptoms. It is important to understand the causes, symptoms and treatments of myositis in order to manage the condition. There are two main types:
Symptoms of Myositis
The most common symptom of myositis is muscle weakness, which can be mild or severe depending on the type of condition you have. Other common symptoms can include muscle pain, tenderness, swelling, fatigue and difficulty moving the affected muscles. In some cases, there may be a rash or lumps under the skin.
Causes of Myositis
Myositis can have a range of causes, including certain autoimmune disorders and infections. Autoimmune disorders can cause the body’s immune system to mistakenly attack healthy tissue, while infections can cause inflammation and muscle damage. Other causes of myositis may include trauma, exposure to toxins, genetic conditions and certain types of medications.
Diagnosis of Myositis
Diagnosis of myositis begins with an assessment of your symptoms and medical history, followed by a physical exam. Your doctor may also order blood tests, imaging tests and muscle biopsies. These tests can help to determine the underlying cause of your myositis and rule out other potential conditions.
Treatment of Myositis
Treatment for myositis depends on the underlying cause. For autoimmune disorders, doctors may prescribe medications that can reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system. For infections, you may need to take antibiotics. Other treatments may include physical therapy, occupational therapy and medications to reduce muscle pain and stiffness.
Myositis can be managed with the right treatment and lifestyle changes, such as avoiding overexertion and getting enough rest. If you are diagnosed with myositis, it is important to follow your doctor’s instructions and monitor your symptoms closely.