Bronchoscopy is a Medical procedure that allows doctors to examine the inside of a patient’s airways, specifically the bronchi (large airways) and bronchioles (small airways) of the lungs.
A small, flexible tube called a bronchoscope, which has a camera and a light on the end, is introduced into the mouth or nose during the surgery and then passed down into the lungs. This enables the physician to detect any abnormalities or obstructions in the airways, as well as to collect tissue samples or, if necessary, remove foreign items. The diagnosis and treatment of illnesses like lung cancer, infections, and airway inflammation frequently involve bronchoscopy.
Bronchoscopy itself is a diagnostic procedure, meaning it is used to gather information about a patient’s condition. However, depending on what is found during the procedure, further treatment may be necessary.
For example, if a biopsy is taken during the bronchoscopy and cancer is found, the patient may require further treatment such as surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy. If an infection is found, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics or other medications.
In some cases, bronchoscopy can also be used as a treatment for certain conditions. For example, if a patient has a blockage in the airway, the doctor may be able to remove the blockage during the bronchoscopy using specialized instruments. Additionally, bronchoscopy can be used to deliver medications directly to the lungs, which can be helpful in treating conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Ultimately, the treatment plan for a patient who has undergone bronchoscopy will depend on the specific condition being treated and the results of the diagnostic testing.
Bronchoscopy is performed for various reasons, including: To investigate the cause of persistent cough, wheezing, or shortness of breath. To diagnose lung conditions such as infections, tumors, or lung diseases. To obtain tissue samples (biopsy) for further testing. To remove foreign objects or mucus plugs from the airways. To treat certain lung conditions by delivering medications or performing interventions.