Fungal nail infection, also known as onychomycosis, is a common condition that affects the nails. It occurs when fungi, such as dermatophytes, invade the nails, leading to discoloration, thickening, and brittleness. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for fungal nails is essential for effective management.
Causes ofFungal Nail Infection
Fungi thrive in warm, moist environments, making areas like swimming pools, public showers, and sweaty shoes ideal for their growth.
Injuries or damage to the nail can create openings for fungi to enter and infect the nail bed.
Certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, HIV, or immune system disorders, can increase the risk of fungal nail infections.
Inadequate foot hygiene practices, such as not keeping the feet clean and dry, can contribute to fungal nail infections.
Using communal nail clippers, emery boards, or footwear can spread fungal infections.
Symptoms ofFungal Nail Infection
The affected nail may turn yellow, brown, green, or white.
The nail may become thicker and more brittle.
The nail may become distorted or develop an irregular shape.
The nail may crumble or develop rough, jagged edges.
In some cases, fungal nail infections can cause pain or tenderness.
Treatment ofFungal Nail Infection
Trimming, filing, or removing the infected nail by a healthcare professional can help reduce the thickness and improve the appearance of the nail.
Practicing good foot hygiene, such as keeping the feet clean and dry, wearing breathable footwear, avoiding sharing personal items, and regularly changing socks, can help prevent fungal nail infections.
Addressing any underlying medical conditions or factors that contribute to fungal nail infections, such as diabetes or compromised immune system, can help reduce the risk of recurrent infections.
It is important to consult a for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan for fungal nail infections. At Clemenceau Medical Center Hospital, we can provide guidance on the most suitable treatment options based on the severity and extent of the infection.