Corns are small, hardened areas of skin that typically develop on the toes or the sides of the feet. They are usually caused by repeated friction or pressure, and they can be quite painful. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for corns is crucial for effective management.
Causes of Corn Removal
Continuous rubbing or pressure on the skin due to ill-fitting shoes, tight socks, or abnormal foot mechanics can lead to corn formation.
Wearing shoes that are too tight, narrow, or have high heels can increase the risk of corns.
Conditions like bunions, hammertoes, or other structural abnormalities can cause corns to develop due to increased pressure on specific areas of the feet.
Certain occupations or activities that involve repetitive motions or pressure on the feet, such as dancing or manual labor, can contribute to corn formation.
Symptoms of Corn Removal
Small, raised, round, or conical areas of thickened, hardened skin.
Pain or tenderness when pressure is applied to the corn.
Discomfort or irritation while walking or wearing shoes.
Sometimes, the center of the corn may appear yellowish or gray, with a hard or waxy core.
Treatment of Corn Removal
Wearing well-fitting shoes with adequate cushioning and room for toes can help alleviate pressure and reduce the risk of corns.
Placing non-medicated cushions or pads over the corns can provide temporary relief and prevent further friction.
Over-the-counter creams or patches containing salicylic acid can help soften the corn and gradually remove the thickened skin layers. It is important to carefully follow the instructions and avoid using these products on open or infected skin.
Gently exfoliating the corn with a pumice stone or foot file after soaking the feet in warm water can help reduce its size and thickness.
If self-care measures do not provide relief, a healthcare professional can trim or shave the corn to alleviate pain and pressure. They can also provide advice on foot care techniques and recommend appropriate padding or footwear modifications.
If corns are caused by an underlying foot deformity, such as a bunion or hammertoe, addressing and treating the underlying condition may be necessary to prevent corn recurrence.
Attempting to remove corns at home with sharp objects can lead to injury, infection, or further complications. It is important to leave the removal to professionals.
If corns cause severe pain, difficulty walking, or signs of infection, it is advisable to seek medical attention. At CMC Hospital professionals can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend suitable treatment options for corn removal.