Calluses are thickened areas of skin that develop as a result of repeated friction, pressure, or irritation. They most commonly occur on the feet, particularly on the soles and heels. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for calluses is important for effective management.
Causes of Callus:
Prolonged or repetitive friction and pressure on the skin, often due to ill-fitting shoes, can cause calluses to develop.
Wearing shoes that are too tight, narrow, or have high heels can increase the risk of developing calluses.
Engaging in activities that involve repeated pressure on specific areas of the feet, such as running or dancing, can contribute to callus formation.
Foot deformities like bunions, hammertoes, or flat feet can lead to increased pressure and friction, increasing the likelihood of calluses.
Symptoms of Callus:
Thick, rough, and hardened patches of skin.
Discolored or yellowish appearance.
Pain or tenderness in the affected area.
Development of a raised bump or a cone-shaped core (corn) in the center of the callus.
Treatment of Callus:
Regularly washing and moisturizing the feet can help soften the skin and reduce the risk of calluses. Using pumice stones or foot files to gently exfoliate the thickened skin can also be beneficial.
Wearing properly fitting shoes with adequate cushioning and arch support can help alleviate pressure and friction on the feet, reducing the formation of calluses.
In some cases, a healthcare professional may need to trim or shave the calluses to alleviate pain and pressure. They can also provide custom orthotic devices to redistribute pressure and correct foot abnormalities.
If calluses are caused by an underlying foot deformity or structural issue, such as a bunion or hammertoe, appropriate treatment for the underlying condition may be necessary to prevent callus recurrence.
It is important to avoid cutting or self-removal of calluses, as it can lead to injury, infection, or further complications.
If calluses are causing significant pain, discomfort, or interfering with daily activities, it is advisable to seek medical attention. At CMC Hospital Dubai our podiatrist can provide a comprehensive evaluation and recommend appropriate treatment options tailored to individual needs.