is a common fungal infection that can affect both adults and children, but is especially common in infants and young children. It is caused by an overgrowth of the Candida fungus, which is a type of yeast that normally lives in the mouth, digestive tract, and skin of healthy individuals.
In children, thrush usually appears as white or yellowish patches on the tongue, gums, inner cheeks, or roof of the mouth. These patches may be painful and may bleed when touched or scraped. In severe cases, thrush can also spread to the throat, causing difficulty swallowing or breathing.
Risk factors for thrush in children include a weakened immune system, frequent use of antibiotics or steroids, and poor oral hygiene. Thrush can also be passed from mother to baby during breastfeeding if the mother has a yeast infection on her nipples.
Treatment for thrush usually involves antifungal medication, which may be given as a liquid or lozenge to be placed in the mouth. It is important to follow the full course of treatment prescribed by the doctor, even if symptoms improve before the medication is finished. In addition, good oral hygiene practices such as regularly cleaning the child’s mouth and sterilizing pacifiers or other items that go in the mouth can help prevent thrush from recurring.
If you suspect your child has thrush, it is important to consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. In some cases, thrush can be a sign of an underlying health condition, so it is important to address it promptly to ensure your child’s health and well-being.