Strep throatis a common bacterial infection that can affect people of all ages, but it is particularly common in children. It is caused by the streptococcus bacteria and can be spread through contact with an infected person or contaminated objects.
Symptoms of strep throat in children include a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever, headache, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck. Children may also experience a rash or the appearance of small red spots on the back of the mouth and throat.
Strep throat is typically diagnosed by a rapid strep test or a throat culture, which involves swabbing the back of the child’s throat to check for the presence of the bacteria. If the test results are positive, treatment usually involves a course of antibiotics to help clear the infection.
If left untreated, strep throat can lead to complications such as tonsillitis, ear infections, and rheumatic fever. To prevent the spread of strep throat, it is important to encourage good hand hygiene and avoid close contact with infected individuals. Children with strep throat should also stay home from school or daycare until they have completed at least 24 hours of antibiotic treatment and are no longer contagious.