A hamstring injury is a tear to the tendons or large muscles at the back of the thigh. It often occurs when the hamstrings are overstretched or overloaded with too much weight. The hamstring may rip partially or entirely, depending on the damage. These muscles help bend the knees during activities like jumping and running.
One or more of the following hamstring muscles may be affected by the injury:
Young athletes are more susceptible to a hamstring injury since they are still growing and that bone and muscle grow at different rates.
Hamstring injuries are classified into one of three categories.
Grade 1 hamstring tear: This is a mild hamstring strain. It is also known as pulled hamstring and it occurs overstretching but doesn’t tear.
Grade 2 hamstring tear: This is a partial hamstring strain. This indicates that the muscle hasn’t totally torn. A grade 2 strain hurts more than a grade 1. An individual will probably limp and feel like his/her leg is weak.
Grade 3 hamstring tear: This is the most severe hamstring strain. It happens when the hamstring muscle totally separates the bone or tears off. A tear that pulls the muscle off the bone is referred to as an avulsion.
When one sustains a grade 3 tear, he/she is likely to feel a “popping” sound. Additionally, the thigh’s back will be incredibly uncomfortable and swollen.
During the session, the doctor will examine the patient to see if he/she has a torn hamstring. This could include:
The type of treatment for a torn hamstring depends on the severity of the injury. The following are typical treatment choices:
This is the first line of treatment for most sports injuries. It is the main treatment for grade 2 tears.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, are also used in the treatment.
Physical therapy is recommended once the pain subsides. The therapist prepares a program designed to improve the patient’s flexibility and range of motion.
Hamstring surgery: Surgery may be required to repair a complete tear or partial tear if the procedures are ineffective. The surgeon will use sutures to repair the tear.