The menisci are crescent-shaped patches of fibrocartilage that are crucial for the knee joint’s proper function and health. They help with weight bearing and shock absorption, and there are two in each knee between the femur and tibia bones.
Damage or degeneration of to the menisci in the knee leads to a torn meniscus. Torn menisci can also occur with aging as a result of natural deterioration. This condition is frequently encountered as a result of overuse, especially in athletes. However, a meniscus tear repair procedure can restore normal function of the knee.
Meniscus tear repair surgery becomes necessary if conservative treatment options fail, or if the tear is particularly severe.
The first course of treatment for a torn meniscus isn’t always surgery. Your doctor might advise the “RICE” procedure as their initial course of action if you’re experiencing potential symptoms of a torn meniscus:
The most frequently used procedure for meniscus tear repair is knee arthroscopy which normally takes less than an hour.
During the procedure, the surgeon makes a small incision in the knee joint so he/she can place a small camera (arthroscope) inside to guide him/her as they perform the surgery. The arthroscopic part of the treatment is regarded as minimally invasive.
Next, the surgeon will remove a portion of the meniscus via a procedure known as a partial meniscectomy which involves trimming away the damaged portion only.
If the doctor recommends a meniscus repair, they will suture the remaining pieces of your meniscus together. The meniscus will eventually heal in one piece over a few weeks.