Arthroscopic meniscectomy is a minimally invasive surgical technique used by orthopedic surgeons to treat a torn meniscus cartilage in the knee. This procedure is often done on an outpatient basis. The meniscus is mostly torn as a result of injuries sustained when participating in sports. During the procedure, only the torn segment of the meniscus is removed.
A meniscus is a cartilage-based tissue that supports the normal function of an individual’s knee. There are two types of menisci:
It is important to note that minor meniscus tears frequently heal on their own but more severe tears will require surgery.
Surgery is only necessary when:
Doctors always recommend that before surgery, a patient should not have any ongoing infections, and the knee should not have sores or scratches. The day before surgery, the patient shouldn’t shave their knee. The patient should arrange for someone to help at home for 24-36 hours after the procedure.
During the procedure, which is done under general anesthesia, very small incisions are made around the patient’s knee. One incision is used to implant a lighted scope with a camera, while the other two are utilized to insert the procedure’s equipment.
The patient’s knee anatomy is examined using the camera. After the torn meniscus is located, either a small portion or the complete meniscus is removed. The scope and equipment are taken out, and the incisions are then stitched or taped.
After an arthroscopic meniscectomy, the operated knee is usually swollen and mildly uncomfortable for the first 24 to 48 hours. However, by the third postoperative day, most patients are able to resume their sedentary jobs.
In the first 48 hours, medication can be used to treat pain. Controlling pain and swelling is made easier by using ice or other forms of cold therapy on the knee.