A meniscus injury is a tear in one of the menisci (crescent-shaped pads of cartilage that sit inside each knee joint) which often play an important role in stabilizing the knee, facilitating knee joint movement, and cushioning shock from weight-bearing activities such as walking.
Treatment options for meniscus tears may range from at-home remedies to outpatient surgery, depending on the severity of the injuries. By performing leg-strengthening exercises and employing the right techniques when participating in contact sports or activities, one can easily prevent this injury.
An individual may also experience a popping sensation. This typically indicates that a loose piece of cartilage is impeding the knee joint.
Meniscus tears are most likely to occur as a result of the following factors:
During the diagnosis of a meniscus tear, the doctor will evaluate a detailed medical history of the patient as well as conduct a thorough examination of the knee joint.
The examination will include the following:
These examinations may not, however, result in a diagnosis. Doctors, therefore, recommend additional tests that assess range of motion in the knee from various positions. They include the following:
X-rays are helpful in determining various knee pain sources, but they cannot detect a torn meniscus. The preferred technique for verifying a suspected diagnosis is an MRI scan.
Meniscus tears should initially be treated with conservative techniques known as the RICE method. The method includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
Surgery becomes a treatment option if your knee isn’t responding to the treatments above. The doctor may recommend arthroscopic surgery. You will be issued detailed instructions by the doctor on how to get ready for this procedure. Examples of the instructions could include the following: