A medial collateral ligament (MCL) tear occurs as a result of damage to the medial collateral ligament, a major ligament that is found on the inner side of an individual’s knee. A ligament is a strong band of tissue that holds organs in place or joins one bone to another bone.
The tear may be full (all the ligament’s fibers are torn) or partial (the ligament is torn into two pieces).
The MCL alongside other ligaments provides strength and stability to the knee joint. The other three primary ligaments include:
The severity of an MCL tear can affect the symptoms one experiences. These symptoms include:
The doctor will conduct a physical examination to determine if the patient has a tone MCL. He/she will bend the patient’s knee and apply pressure to it. This will help determine if the knee is loose.
Imaging tests will be recommended to make sure the patient doesn’t have any other injuries in the knees as well as to see how severe the MCL tear is.
One or more of the following tests may be used to diagnose an MCL tear:
The majority of patients who have MCL tear usually recover after non-surgical treatment. This is because an individual’s MCL has a good blood supply, which makes it easier for his/her tear to heal. Non-surgical MCL tear treatment options include:
There are vaarious reasons, common ones including: Repeatedly putting strain and stress on the knee results in MCL losing its elasticity. Squatting or lifting heavy objects. Jumping and landing awkwardly on your knee. When something or someone strikes your knee on the outside, like during a tackle in football. Firmly placing one foot on the ground while abruptly changing direction. Overstretching the knee. This is very common in skiing.