Robotic knee replacement, also known as robotic knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure that uses robotic technology to repair a damaged knee. The procedure uses a hand held robot arm to make incisions. This makes it less invasive than traditional conventional methods of knee replacement.
The procedure is similar to that used in regular knee replacement, whereby the orthopedic surgeon replaces affected knee tissues with an artificial joint after removing the damaged ones. The difference is that the procedure is done with assistance from a robotic arm.
Anybody can undergo robotic knee surgery. It is particularly beneficial for those with complex needs, injuries, or previous knee surgery.
Ideally, a robotic-assisted knee replacement may be a good option for individuals who have:
Robotic knee surgery is similar to conventional minimally invasive knee surgery however the key difference is the technology involved, which provides a higher level of precision and accuracy when cutting surgically through bone, releasing soft tissue, and positioning the implant.
All knee replacement surgeries begin with the removal of the kneecap’s deteriorated bone and cartilage, followed by the implantation of an artificial joint comprised of metal alloys, premium plastics, and polymers.
Before robotic knee surgery, an X-ray of the patient’s knee is done to get in-depth details about the specific anatomy of the knee. The X-ray will then be used to plan out the procedure including the ideal places for surgical incisions and the knee implant.
During the procedure, which is performed under general anesthesia, the robot uses cameras and optical lens tracking to follow the exact position of the patient’s leg. The robot adapts whenever the patient’s leg moves even a little bit, to make the surgery as precise and accurate as possible.
The measurements of the cuts may be adjusted by the surgeon if he/she finds it necessary to achieve the predetermined objective in the procedure.
The use of more exact incisions and assistance in achieving appropriate alignment during robotic knee replacement may result in a better and faster recovery. After surgery, the surgeon and the care team will monitor the patient closely, provide pain relief medication and map out a plan for at-home recovery.