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Orthopedic Surgery

Hip Injuries Treatment at Clemenceau Medical Center Hospital

The hip is a ball-and-socket joint whereby the ball of a person’s thighbone fits into the socket of his/her pelvis. In and around the joints, there are ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and other soft tissues. Since the hip is one of the biggest joints in the body, which supports all motions and bears the entire body weight, when hip problems occur, it affects a person’s quality of life. Hip injuries are common in people of all ages. However, athletes and older people carrying extra weight are at great risk for a hip injury.

Symptoms of Hip Injuries

Hip pain which can spread to the knees, buttocks, and thighs is the most common sign of hip injuries. However, the signs and symptoms of hip injuries depend on the specific problem in an individual. The pain may range from mild to severe.

Other symptoms may include:

  • Joint stiffness
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Locking of joints

Causes of Hip Injuries

  • Trauma
  • Overuse of repetitive motion
  • Chronic conditions such as arthritis
  • Osteoporosis (weak bones)

Types of Hip Injuries

  • Labral tear: This occurs when the labrum (the seal that glues the ball and socket) tears, the ball and socket may move out of place leading to instability and lubrication loss. A person may experience sharp pain in the groin, thighs, or leg, decreased range of motion, and stiffness.
  • Loose bodies: This is a small piece of dislodged cartilage or bone that floats between the joint. It normally occurs when one is in motion and happens to “hit” the loose body, resulting in sharp pain. People with a rare condition known as synovial chondromatosis, which causes loose joints inside the joint, are at high risk.
  • Vascular Necrosis (AVN): It is a condition that occurs when the femoral head doesn’t get enough blood, which makes part of its bone to die. AVN may develop as a result of dislocation, chronic corticosteroid use, or prolonged heavy alcohol consumption. It eventually causes the bone to collapse if left untreated.
  • Iliopsoas impingement and snapping hip: This is a condition characterized by inflammation and pain in the iliopsoas muscles leading to abnormal movement of the hip. It is often associated with a “snapping hip,” a situation where the tendon snaps over the labrum causing friction that may lead to a tear.
  • Bursitis: This is a painful condition that affects the bursae-tiny, fluid-filled sacs that cushion the bones, tendons, and muscles to close an individual’s joints.
  • Hip instability: Hip instability may result from a traumatic event or from repeated overuse:
  • Gluteus Medius Tears: This is a condition in which one experiences severe strain on the gluteus medius muscle (muscle on the outside of the hip that controls abduction) that leads to partial or complete rupture of the muscle.

Main Risk Factors of Hip Injuries

  • Age: Most injuries are prevalent to those over 60 years of age
  • Osteoporosis (weak bones)
  • Dementia
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Overweight (obese)
  • Poor balance
  • Smoking
  • Lack of physical activity
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