A craniotomy is a surgical procedure in which a piece of the skull is removed to access the brain. It is a common procedure used to treat a variety of brain disorders, including brain tumors, aneurysms, and hydrocephalus.
Types of Craniotomies
There are several different types of craniotomies, depending on the location of the tumor or other condition being treated. Some of the most common types include:
Preparation for Craniotomy
In the days leading up to the craniotomy, the patient will need to have a number of tests, including blood tests, imaging scans, and an electrocardiogram (EKG). The patient will also need to shave the area of the head where the incision will be made.
The craniotomy is performed under general anesthesia. The surgeon will make an incision in the scalp and then remove a piece of the skull. The surgeon will then use a variety of tools to access the brain and perform the necessary procedure.
The recovery period after a craniotomy can vary depending on the type of surgery and the extent of the procedure. However, most patients will experience some degree of pain, fatigue, and difficulty with thinking and memory. These symptoms usually improve over time, but some patients may have long-term problems.
A craniotomy is a serious surgery, but it can be an effective treatment for a variety of brain disorders. The success of the surgery depends on a number of factors, including the type of surgery, the skill of the surgeon, and the patient’s overall health.