Johns Hopkins - Advanced Parkinson's Treatment in Dubai

Johns Hopkins Parkinson’s Disease Clinic

The Parkinson’s Disease Clinic at CMC Hospital Dubai is led by the renowned Dr. Emile Moukheiber, Assistant Professor of Neurology at Johns Hopkins in America and an expert in treating movement disorders and Parkinson’s.

Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that often affects movement in its initial stages. Dopamine, a substance in the brain, is responsible for smooth and coordinated movements of the body’s muscles. It is produced by “substantia nigra” which is a region of the human brain. Parkinson’s disease, therefore, develops when the cells of the substantia nigra begin to die. Dopamine levels drop as a result of this.

Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

  • Voice changes
  • Stooped posture
  • Small, cramped handwriting
  • Anosmia – decreased ability to smell
  • Tremor – shaking that may occur at rest
  • Stiffness of arms, legs, and trunk
  • Difficulties with balance and a tendency to fall

Causes of Parkinson’s Disease

Although there’s no known cause of Parkinson’s disease, research has revealed certain groups of people who are more susceptible to the disease, including:

  • Age: Parkinson’s disease often develops between the ages of 50 and 60. Only about 4% of the time does it start before age 40.
  • Race: studies show that there’s a higher prevalence of Parkinson’s in white people compared to black or Asians.
  • Sex: The disease affects men one and a half more frequently than it does women.
  • Head injuries: Parkinson’s disease may be more prone to manifest in those who sustain head injuries.
  • Toxins: The disease’s risk may be increased by exposure to specific toxins.
  • Family history: People are more susceptible to getting Parkinson’s if they have close relatives who have the condition.

Parkinson’s Disease Stages

The Yahr scale is often used to classify the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease into 5 stages and also aids medical practitioners in understanding the severity of the disease symptoms and indicators.

Stage 1: This is the mildest form since one may experience symptoms that are not noticeable. The symptoms don’t interfere with an individual’s daily life and activities.

Stage 2: It may take months or even years for stage 1 to move to stage 2. The experience of each person will vary. At this stage, one may experience symptoms such as tremors, trembling, muscle stiffness, and changes in facial expression.

Stage 3: This is the middle stage where Parkinson’s symptoms take a different course. An individual will probably not develop any new symptoms, but they manifest. They might also interfere with one’s daily tasks.

Stage 4: There are substantial modifications as stages 3 and 4 proceed. Without a walker or other aid, it will be difficult for an individual to stand at this point.

Stage 5: This is the most advanced stage. The symptoms are severe thus the patient will require around-the-clock care. It is either difficult or impossible to stand thus necessitating a wheelchair. At this stage, Parkinson’s patients may also have disorientation, delusions, and hallucinations.

Diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease cannot be diagnosed with a specific test. A review of signs and symptoms, a physical examination, and a neurological exam are used to make the diagnosis.

Parkinson’s Disease Treatment in Dubai

Although there’s no known cure for Parkinson’s disease, medication can significantly reduce the symptoms. Surgery could be suggested in select cases with more severe conditions.

Parkinson's Treatment in Dubai at CMC

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