A Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is a diagnostic imaging procedure that involves the use of X-rays to examine the uterus and fallopian tubes in women. It is commonly performed to assess the structure and function of these reproductive organs.
The HSG procedure
The procedure involves the injection of a contrast material into the uterus through the cervix, followed by the capture of X-ray images as the contrast material fills the uterus and spills into the fallopian tubes.
Why perform a Hysterosalpingography
The main purpose of hysterosalpingography is to evaluate the condition of the uterus and fallopian tubes, providing valuable information about potential abnormalities that may contribute to infertility or other reproductive issues.
It helps to identify structural problems such as uterine fibroids, polyps, or adhesions that could hinder conception or lead to recurrent miscarriages. Additionally, HSG can detect abnormalities in the fallopian tubes, such as blockages or tubal damage, which may impede the transport of eggs or the fertilization process.
Hysterosalpingography is typically recommended for couples who are experiencing difficulty conceiving or have a history of recurrent pregnancy loss. By visualizing the reproductive organs, the procedure can provide crucial insights into the cause of infertility or recurrent miscarriages. Based on the findings, appropriate treatment options can be pursued. For instance, if a blockage is detected, interventions like tubal catheterization or surgery may be recommended to restore the patency of the fallopian tubes.
Apart from its diagnostic value, HSG can also have a therapeutic effect in some cases. The procedure itself can help dislodge small obstructions in the fallopian tubes, potentially improving fertility. This flushing effect may enhance the chances of conception following the HSG.
Risks of Hysterosalpingography
While hysterosalpingography is generally considered safe, there are some risks involved including:
Any risks and concerns will be discussed with you before the procedure.