Stomach Cancer Treatment / Gastric Cancer Treatment in Dubai
Also known as gastric cancer, stomach cancer is a condition that develops when cancer cells grow out of control in an individual’s stomach. It can form anywhere in the stomach.
In most cases, stomach cancer starts in the stomach lining and spreads slowly. If left untreated, it can easily form a tumor and infiltrate deeper into the stomach walls. Eventually, it spreads to nearby organs like the liver and pancreas.
Signs and Symptoms of Stomach Cancer
Stomach cancer rarely presents symptoms during the early stages. Even the most common early indicators like unexplained weight loss and stomach pain don’t typically manifest until the disease has progressed to advanced stages.
The most notable symptoms include:
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Unexplained weight loss
- Stomach pain
- Trouble swallowing
- Black stool or vomiting blood
- Feeling full even after eating a small meal
Causes and Risk Factors of Stomach Cancer
The exact causes of stomach cancer are still unknown. However, some factors can increase the risk of developing stomach cancer. These include:
- Swelling and irritability of the stomach’s interior (gastritis)
- A diet high in salty and smoked foods
- Consuming fewer fruits and vegetables
- Helicobacter pylori infection in the stomach
- Growth of polyps in the stomach (noncancerous cells)
- Family history of stomach cancer
- Recurrent issues with stomach acid
Diagnosis of Stomach Cancer
During the diagnosis of stomach cancer, the doctor will review the patient’s medical history and inquire about his/her symptoms. A physical examination that involves the doctor feeling for a mass in the patient’s stomach will also be conducted.
Several tests will also be recommended to diagnose and stage the stomach cancer. These include:
- Upper endoscopy biopsy: During this procedure, the doctor will insert a thin tube with a tiny camera at its end (endoscope) into the patient’s mouth until it gets to the stomach. Small surgical instruments are then passed through the endoscope, enabling the doctor to retrieve a tissue sample for testing (biopsy).
- Endoscopic ultrasound: This procedure involves using an endoscope that has an ultrasound probe attached at its tip, which can take pictures of the patient’s stomach.
- Imaging tests: For instance, barium swallow, CT and MRI scans can be used in identifying abnormalities that may be cancer related. A PET scan can reveal if the cancer has spread to other areas of the patient’s body.
- Blood tests: These can give information on how organs are functioning.
- Laparoscopy: This is a type of surgery that enables the doctor to evaluate the spread of cancer when less invasive techniques, like imaging, haven’t yielded enough data.
Treatment of Stomach Cancer
Treatment for stomach cancer includes one or more of the following:
- Immunotherapy: This stimulates or improves the patient’s immune system’s ability to respond to cancer.
A person’s treatment plan typically depends on the origin and stage of cancer as well as age and general health. The objectives of treatment, in addition to treating stomach cancer cells, are to stop the cells from spreading to the lungs, lymph nodes, bones, and liver.