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Oncology & Hematology

Gynecological Cancer Treatment in Dubai at CMC

Gynecologic cancer is any cancer that develops in a woman’s reproductive organs. The cancer starts from different areas of a woman’s pelvis, which is the region below her stomach and in between her hip bones.

Types of Gynecological Cancers

There are five major types of gynecologic cancers:

  • Cervical cancer: Begins in the cervix, the uterus’s lower, narrower end
  • Ovarian cancer: This type of cancer begins in the ovaries. The ovaries are located on each side of the uterus. Some ovarian tumors can also start in the peritoneum or fallopian tubes.
  • Uterine cancer: Begins in the uterus, a woman’s pelvic pear-shaped organ where the developing fetus is housed when a woman is expectant.
  • Vaginal cancer: Starts in the vagina, which is a hollow tube-like channel that connects the body’s exterior to the bottom of the uterus.
  • Vulva cancer: A type of cancer that begins in the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs.

Symptoms of Gynecological Cancers

Symptoms for gynecologic cancer vary depending on the organ involved. These symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Pelvic pain
  • Bloating
  • Constipation
  • Increased need to urinate
  • Soreness and itching
  • A patch of skin on the vulva changes to a different in color from the skin around it

Diagnosis of Gynecological Cancers

To make a definitive diagnosis of gynecologic cancer, the doctor performs a physical examination, assesses the patient’s medical history, and orders one or more diagnostic tests.

Diagnostic tests for gynecologic cancers

  • Blood tests: Doctors will use blood tests to measure the level of tumor markers and other blood elements that could be cancer related.
  • Pap test: The test involves removing a sample of cells from the cervix to be evaluated under a microscope in the laboratory. This is particularly used in the diagnosis of cervical cancer.
  • Imaging tests: The tests create images of the internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen enabling the doctors to see and identify tumors and other abnormalities.
  • Biopsy: A biopsy is often recommended to confirm the diagnosis of cancer. The process involves removing a small sample of tissue for laboratory analysis.

Treatment for Gynecological Cancers

The treatments for gynecologic cancers are determined by a number of factors including the extent to which the cancer has spread and whether the patient is young enough to have children.

Surgery is usually recommended if the cancer is severe. The surgery may include hysterectomy, which is the removal of the uterus, and is mostly utilized in patients with cervical, uterine, and ovarian cancers. To stop cancer from spreading, doctors might also recommend chemotherapy or radiation treatment.

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