A urethrocele is a type of pelvic organ prolapse in which the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, bulges into the vagina. It is caused by a weakening of the muscles and ligaments that support the urethra.
The symptoms of a urethrocele can vary depending on the severity of the prolapse. Mild urethroceles may not cause any symptoms, while more severe urethroceles can cause the following symptoms:
A feeling of fullness or pressure in the vagina
A bulge in the vagina
Pain or discomfort during sex
Urinary incontinence, especially when coughing, sneezing, or laughing
Difficulty emptying the bladder completely
The main causes of a urethrocele are:
The treatment for a urethrocele depends on the severity of the prolapse and the symptoms. Mild urethroceles may not require any treatment, but more severe urethroceles may require one or more of the following treatments:
Pessary: A pessary is a device that is inserted into the vagina to support the urethra. Pessaries can be used to treat mild to moderate urethroceles.
Surgery: Surgery is usually only recommended for severe urethroceles that do not respond to other treatments. There are several different types of surgery for urethrocele repair, and the best type of surgery for you will depend on the severity of your prolapse and your individual circumstances.
Complications of a urethrocele are rare, but they can include:
There are no surefire ways to prevent a urethrocele, but there are some things you can do to reduce your risk:
If you are experiencing symptoms of a urethrocele, it is important to see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment. With the right treatment, most women with urethroceles can live normal, active lives. At CMC we treat Urethral Prolapse using advanced technology and minimally invasive procedures.
Symptoms can include a feeling of fullness or pressure in the vagina, a bulge in the vagina, urinary incontinence, and pain during sex.
The main causes are age, childbirth, obesity, genetics, and other medical conditions.
Treatment depends on the severity of the prolapse and the symptoms. It can include lifestyle changes, pessaries, and surgery.
There is no surefire way to prevent a urethrocele, but you can reduce your risk by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, doing Kegel exercises, and avoiding heavy lifting and straining.