Uterine Cancer or endometrial cancer, is a type of cancer that develops in the uterus, specifically in the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus. It is the most common type of cancer of the female reproductive system.
The exact cause of uterine cancer is unknown, but several risk factors have been identified:
Hormonal factors: Increased exposure to estrogen without sufficient levels of progesterone is a significant risk factor. This can occur due to hormonal imbalances, obesity, early onset of menstruation, late menopause, or hormone replacement therapy.
Age: The risk of uterine cancer increases with age, with the majority of cases occurring in women over 50.
Obesity: Being overweight or obese is strongly associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer.
Reproductive history: Women who have never been pregnant or have never given birth are at a higher risk.
Genetic factors: Certain inherited genetic conditions, such as Lynch syndrome, increase the risk of uterine cancer.
The most common symptom of uterine cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, particularly after menopause. Other symptoms may include:
Abnormal vaginal discharge.
Pelvic pain or discomfort.
Pain during sexual intercourse.
Unintentional weight loss.
It’s important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, and having these symptoms does not necessarily mean a person has uterine cancer. However, if these symptoms are persistent or unusual for you, it’s important to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation.
Diagnosing uterine cancer typically involves the following:
Pelvic examination: The doctor examines the uterus and other pelvic organs for abnormalities.
Transvaginal ultrasound: This imaging test uses sound waves to create pictures of the uterus, helping to detect any abnormal growths or changes.
Endometrial biopsy: A small sample of tissue from the uterine lining is collected for laboratory analysis to confirm the presence of cancer cells.
Imaging tests: CT scan, MRI, or PET scan may be used to determine the extent of the cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.
Treatment options for uterine cancer depend on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the woman’s overall health, and her desire for future childbearing. Treatment options may include:
Surgery: The primary treatment for uterine cancer is often a hysterectomy, which involves removing the uterus, cervix, and sometimes the fallopian tubes and ovaries. Lymph node removal may also be performed.
Radiation therapy: High-energy X-rays or other radiation sources are used to kill cancer cells or shrink tumors.
Chemotherapy: Medications are used to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy may be used before or after surgery, depending on the stage of the cancer.
Hormone therapy: Certain hormonal medications, such as progesterone or hormone blockers, may be used to slow down the growth of the cancer cells.
Our Specialists at Clemenceau Medial Center have a wide Experience in diagnose and treating uterine cancer for a personalized treatment plan, and ongoing medical care. to the specific patient’s needs.