Gynecologic Oncology is a medical specialty that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and care of women with cancers of the reproductive system. This includes cancers of the:
There are five major types of gynecologic cancers:
The goal of Gynecologic Oncologist / Gyne-oncologists is to provide patients with the best possible outcome and quality of life, and to ensure that all aspects of care, from diagnosis to recovery, are coordinated and personalized to each woman’s needs.
Symptoms for gynecologic cancer vary depending on the organ involved. These symptoms may include:
To make a definitive diagnosis of gynecologic cancer, the doctor performs a physical examination, assesses the patient’s medical history, and orders one or more diagnostic tests.
Once a diagnosis is made, the gyne-oncologist will work with the patient to develop a treatment plan. Treatment options for gynecologic cancers can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or hormone therapy. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used.
Surgery is often the primary treatment for gynecologic cancers, and may involve removing the affected organ or a portion of it. In some cases, a hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus, may be necessary to treat uterine cancer. Ovarian cancer is often treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, as removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes can help prevent the cancer from spreading.
In addition to treating gynecologic cancers, gyne-oncologists also play an important role in managing side effects and supporting women through their cancer journey. This includes helping women manage physical symptoms such as pain and fatigue, as well as emotional and psychological effects like anxiety and depression. Gyne-oncologists work closely as part of a multidisciplinary team of medical oncologists, and supportive care specialists, to provide comprehensive, coordinated care.