Gynecologic Oncology in Dubai | Gynecologic Cancer Treatment

Gynecologic Oncology Treatment in Dubai at Clemenceau Medical Center Hospital

Gynecologic Oncology is a medical specialty within our gynecology clinic that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and care of women with cancers of the reproductive system. This includes cancers of the:

There are five major types of gynecologic cancers:

  • Cervical cancer: Begins in the cervix, the uterus’s lower, narrower end
  • Ovarian cancer: This type of cancer begins in the ovaries. The ovaries are located on each side of the uterus. Some ovarian tumors can also start in the peritoneum or fallopian tubes.
  • Fallopian tubes cancer
  • Uterine cancer: Begins in the uterus, a woman’s pelvic pear-shaped organ where the developing fetus is housed when a woman is expectant.
  • Vaginal cancer: Starts in the vagina, which is a hollow tube-like channel that connects the body’s exterior to the bottom of the uterus.
  • Vulva cancer: A type of cancer that begins in the vulva, the outer part of the female genital organs.

The goal of Gynecologic Oncologist / Gyne-oncologists is to provide patients with the best possible outcome and quality of life, and to ensure that all aspects of care, from diagnosis to recovery, are coordinated and personalized to each woman’s needs.

Symptoms of Gynecological Cancers

Symptoms for gynecologic cancer vary depending on the organ involved. These symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Pelvic pain
  • Bloating
  • Constipation
  • Increased need to urinate
  • Soreness and itching
  • A patch of skin on the vulva changes to a different in color from the skin around it

Diagnostic tests for gynecologic cancers

To make a definitive diagnosis of gynecologic cancer, the doctor performs a physical examination, assesses the patient’s medical history, and orders one or more diagnostic tests.

  • Blood tests: Doctors will use blood tests to measure the level of tumor markers and other blood elements that could be cancer related.
  • Pap test: The test involves removing a sample of cells from the cervix to be evaluated under a microscope in the laboratory. This is particularly used in the diagnosis of cervical cancer.
  • Imaging tests: The tests create images of the internal organs of the pelvis and abdomen enabling the doctors to see and identify tumors and other abnormalities.
  • Biopsy: A biopsy is often recommended to confirm the diagnosis of cancer. The process involves removing a small sample of tissue for laboratory analysis.

Gynecologic Cancer Treatment

Once a diagnosis is made, the gyne-oncologist will work with the patient to develop a treatment plan. Treatment options for gynecologic cancers can include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or hormone therapy. In some cases, a combination of these treatments may be used.

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Gynecologic Cancer Surgery

Surgery is often the primary treatment for gynecologic cancers, and may involve removing the affected organ or a portion of it. In some cases, a hysterectomy, or removal of the uterus, may be necessary to treat uterine cancer. Ovarian cancer is often treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy, as removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes can help prevent the cancer from spreading.

In addition to treating gynecologic cancers, gyne-oncologists also play an important role in managing side effects and supporting women through their cancer journey. This includes helping women manage physical symptoms such as pain and fatigue, as well as emotional and psychological effects like anxiety and depression. Gyne-oncologists work closely as part of a multidisciplinary team of medical oncologists, and supportive care specialists, to provide comprehensive, coordinated care.

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