A colonoscopy is a procedure used to examine the bowels using a colonoscope, which is a flexible tube equipped with a camera and light. It can aid in the detection of conditions such as colorectal cancer, polyps, and ulcers.
During the procedure, the doctor checks for abnormalities or diseases in the patient’s large intestine, particularly the colon. The colon contributes to the formation of the digestive tract’s lower half. It consumes food, assimilates nutrients, and eliminates waste.
Reasons for a Colonoscopy
A colonoscopy can be performed for the purpose of checking for colorectal cancer in addition to other conditions. The doctor can use the screening to:
Possible Risks of a Colonoscopy
Since a colonoscopy is a common procedure, it usually has few long-term effects. In the vast majority of instances, the advantages of spotting issues and starting treatment exceed the possible risks of colonoscopy-related complications.
However, there are rare complications which may include:
Preparation for a Colonoscopy (bowel prep)
The following is a typical bowel prep diet
The patient should inform the doctor about any medications she/she is taking, including over-the-counter drugs or supplements. If by any chance they can affect the process, the doctor may advise stopping taking them. These might include:
A laxative may be recommended, which is to be taken the night before the appointment. In some circumstances, it may also be advised to get an enema the day before the procedure to flush the colon.
After the procedure
Upon completion of the procedure, the patient will wait for about an hour to allow the sedative to wear off before leaving the hospital.