Crohn’s disease is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes swelling of the tissues (inflammation) in a person’s digestive tract. This can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, exhaustion, weight loss, and malnutrition.
People with Crohn’s disease may experience inflammation in many parts of their gastrointestinal tract, most frequently the intestines. This inflammation frequently penetrates the innermost layers of the bowel.
Crohn’s disease frequently manifests in the colon and small intestine. It can affect any part of the patient’s mouth, anus, or any other region of the gastrointestinal (GI) system. It may involve some sections of the GI tract while omitting others.
Symptoms of Crohn’s Disease
Causes of Crohn’s Disease
The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. However, the following elements could affect a person’s likelihood of getting it:
The following factors can also affect the severity of a person’s symptoms:
Crohn’s Disease Diagnosis
There is no single test result that can be enough for a doctor to diagnose Crohn’s disease. The doctor will begin by eliminating other possible causes of the patient’s symptoms.
The doctor may use various types of tests to make a diagnosis:
Treatment for Crohn’s Disease
Doctors haven’t yet found a cure for the condition, but it can be managed. There are various treatment options for Crohn’s disease. These include:
The combination of medication one needs will depend on the symptoms, disease history, severity of the condition, and how the patient responds to the treatment. Medicine for inflammation and diarrhea are frequently used. Biologics, which employ the body’s immune system to treat the illness, are among the more advanced options.
If other less invasive treatments and lifestyle changes don’t improve the patient’s symptoms, surgery may be necessary. Some types of Crohn’s surgery involve removing damaged regions of the digestive tract and reattaching the good sections.