Diverticulitis is small, bulging pouches that often occur in the lining of a person’s digestive system. They are frequently detected in the bottom portion of the large intestine (colon). The occurrence of diverticula is sometimes referred to as diverticulosis.
Diverticulitis is the most severe form of diverticular disease. It can result in uncomfortable symptoms and, in some situations, significant problems. These complications can lead to long-term health issues if they are not managed.
Symptoms of Diverticulitis
Diverticulitis can cause symptoms that may range from mild to severe. These signs and symptoms may emerge suddenly or may take many days to present.
Common symptoms of diverticular disease include:
Causes of Diverticulitis
The exact cause of diverticular disease is still unknown. However, several factors can increase one’s risk of developing diverticulitis, including:
Complications Associated with Diverticulitis
Diagnosis of Diverticulitis
During the diagnosis of diverticulitis, the doctor is likely to inquire about the patient’s symptoms, health history, and any medication he/she takes. A physical examination will also be necessary on the abdomen to check for tenderness.
The doctor may order more tests so as to rule out other conditions and check for signs of diverticulitis. The tests may include:
Treatment of Diverticulitis
Treatment for diverticulitis is determined by the severity of the patient’s signs and symptoms. For mild symptoms, one can be treated at home whereby the doctor is likely to recommend the following:
For severe cases or if the patient has other health problems, he/she is likely to be hospitalized. Treatment will involve:
Surgery will be a necessary intervention to treat diverticulitis if: