Celiac Disease is a hereditary autoimmune condition that primarily affects the digestive system. Wheat, barley, and rye contain a protein known as gluten which damages the small intestine’s lining, making it difficult for someone with Celiac Disease to effectively absorb nutrients.
Other names used to refer to celiac disease include:
Symptoms of Celiac Disease
Although other body regions can also be affected by the symptoms of celiac disease, the intestines, and digestive tract are typically where they manifest. Adults and children have a diverse set of symptoms of the condition.
Celiac symptoms in children
Celiac symptoms in adults
Who is at Risk of Celiac Disease?
The condition runs in families. According to research, individuals have a 1 in 22 chance of developing the celiac disease if their parents or sibling has the condition.
The likelihood of developing celiac disease is also increased in those with other autoimmune diseases and specific genetic conditions. The following are a few diseases connected to celiac disease:
Diagnosis of Celiac Disease
Diagnosis for celiac disease normally begins with a physical examination and a medical history. A set of blood tests for celiac disease is also performed. For instance, a celiac panel that counts the number of certain antibodies in the blood. Other tests include:
Since other serious medical conditions can appear similar to CD and must be checked out, testing is necessary to obtain an accurate diagnosis.
Treatment for Celiac Disease
The most effective way to treat celiac disease is to permanently remove gluten from one’s diet. This enables the intestinal villi to recover and start correctly absorbing nutrients. The patient will be taught how to avoid gluten while following a nutritious healthy diet.
After cutting out gluten from the diet, symptoms can start lessen within days. However, until a diagnosis is made, one shouldn’t give up consuming gluten. Prematurely removing gluten could affect test findings and result in a wrong diagnosis.