Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (ESS) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that is performed to treat chronic sinusitis, a condition in which the sinuses become inflamed and swollen for an extended period of time. The surgery is usually performed using a thin, flexible tube called an endoscope, which is inserted into the nose to allow the surgeon to see and access the sinuses.
During the procedure, the surgeon will use specialized instruments to remove any blockages, polyps, or other growths in the sinuses that are contributing to the inflammation. The surgeon may also make small incisions in the nasal tissues to improve drainage and airflow in the sinuses.
ESS is typically performed under general anesthesia, and most patients are able to return home on the same day as the surgery. The recovery time can vary depending on the extent of the surgery, but most patients are able to resume normal activities within a week or two.
ESS is generally considered safe and effective, with a low risk of complications. However, as with any surgery, there are some risks involved, including bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding tissues. Your healthcare provider will discuss these risks with you before the procedure.
ESS may be recommended if you have chronic sinusitis that has not responded to other treatments, such as medication or nasal irrigation. The surgery can help to improve the symptoms of chronic sinusitis, such as facial pain and pressure, nasal congestion, and difficulty breathing. It can also help to reduce the risk of recurrent sinus infections and other complications of chronic sinusitis.