Otosclerosis is a condition in which there is abnormal growth of bone in the middle ear, which can cause hearing loss. It typically begins in the early adulthood and can affect one or both ears.
Symptoms of otosclerosis may include hearing loss, tinnitus (ringing in the ears), and dizziness. The hearing loss is usually gradual and may progress over time. In some cases, otosclerosis may also cause a feeling of pressure in the ear.
The exact cause of otosclerosis is not known, but it may be related to genetics or hormonal factors. The condition can be diagnosed through a hearing test and physical examination of the ear.
Treatment options for otosclerosis include hearing aids, which can help to amplify sound, or surgery. Surgery may involve a procedure called a stapedectomy, in which the surgeon removes a portion of the affected bone and replaces it with a prosthetic device.
It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have otosclerosis, as untreated otosclerosis can lead to significant hearing loss and other complications. Your doctor can determine the best course of treatment for your specific situation.