Mastoidectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of part or all of the mastoid bone located behind the ear. The mastoid bone contains air cells that are connected to the middle ear, and the surgery is usually performed to treat infections that have spread from the middle ear to the mastoid bone, such as chronic otitis media or cholesteatoma.
During a mastoidectomy, the surgeon makes an incision behind the ear and removes a portion of the mastoid bone. The surgeon may also remove the eardrum and the middle ear structures if they are affected by the infection. The procedure is typically performed under general anesthesia and can take several hours.
After the surgery, the patient may experience some pain or discomfort, and the ear may be packed with dressing or a cotton ball to prevent bleeding. The patient may also need to stay in the hospital for a few days for observation.
Recovery time varies depending on the extent of the surgery and the individual’s healing process. Patients may need to avoid certain activities, such as swimming or flying, for several weeks after the surgery.
Mastoidectomy is a safe and effective procedure for treating infections that have spread from the middle ear to the mastoid bone. However, as with any surgery, there are potential risks and complications, including infection, bleeding, and hearing loss. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of the procedure with a healthcare professional and to carefully follow all post-operative instructions to ensure a successful recovery.