Hemorrhoids Sclerotherapy Treatment is a minimally invasive therapy for hemorrhoids that involves injecting a chemical solution or scelorant into the area around the hemorrhoid. This results in a scarring reaction which makes the hemorrhoid shrink over time.
The scar tissue left is significant in preventing the occurrence of new hemorrhoids and supporting anal tissue which prevents the development of new hemorrhoids. The treatment is normally used to treat grade 1 and 2 internal hemorrhoids.
Ideal Candidate for Hemorrhoidal Sclerotherapy
Hemorrhoidal sclerotherapy is an outpatient procedure, and normally requires neither preparation nor general anesthesia.
During the procedure, the doctor inserts a proctoscope via the anus so as to gain access to the inside of the bottom. The proctoscope widens the anal canal in order to see the hemorrhoids that need to be treated.
By using a needle and syringe, the doctor injects a chemical solution around the submucosal area where the hemorrhoid is located. The sclerotherapy process eventually hardens (scleroses) the tissue surrounding the hemorrhoid resulting in the development of a scar (sclerosis). The hemorrhoids are then expected to shrink after 4-6 weeks.
Since sclerotherapy takes quite a short time, about 5-10 minutes, 2-3 hemorrhoids can be treated at once.
What to Expect After the Hemorrhoidal Sclerotherapy Procedure
After the procedure, the doctor will recommend total rest and avoid strenuous activities for the rest of the day after treatment. The patient will be allowed to resume normal activities the following day, however, this varies from one patient to the next.
Risks Associated with Sclerotherapy Treatment
Just like any other medical procedure, hemorrhoidal sclerotherapy comes with possible risks and complication, which can be managed. These risks include:
How to Prevent Hemorrhoids
The occurrence of hemorrhoids can be prevented through: