Also known as an anal ulcer, an anal fissure is a small tear in the lining of the anus. It may occur for several reasons such as when passing hard or large stools. At Clemenceau Medical Centre Hospital, our General & Colorectal Surgeons are highly trained and equipped with the latest technology, placing them among the best anal fissure treatment doctors in Dubai.
Symptoms of Anal Fissure
Common symptoms of an annal fissure include:
Causes of Anal Fissure
Some of the common causes of annal fissures include, but are not limited to:
Risk Factors of Anal Fissure
The following are factors that may increase an individual’s risk of developing an anal fissure:
Diagnosis of Anal Fissure
To diagnose an anal fissure, the doctor will most likely ask the patient about his/her medical history and perform a physical exam which will include a gentle inspection of the anal region.
Because the tear is often visible, usually this exam is all that is needed to diagnose an anal fissure.
Complications of Anal Fissure’s if Left Untreated
Common complications of an anal fissure that is left untreated may include:
Treatment of Anal Fissure
If an individual takes steps to keep his/her stool soft by either increasing intake of fiber and fluids, soaking in warm water for 10 to 20 minutes several times a day, and many other measures, anal fissures often heal within a few weeks. However, if symptoms persist, an individual will likely need further treatment
Non-surgical Treatment of Anal Fissure
To treat an anal fissure conservatively, the doctor may recommend the following:
Surgery for Anal Fissure
For a chronic anal fissure, especially one that is resistant to other treatments, or if the patient’s symptoms are severe, the doctor may recommend surgery.
A procedure called lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) is normally performed. The procedure involves cutting a small portion of the anal sphincter muscle so as to reduce spasms and pain and speed up the healing process.
Prevention of Anal Fissure
An individual may be able to prevent an anal fissure mostly by taking measures to prevent constipation or diarrhea. One should eat high-fiber foods, drink fluids and exercise more frequently.