Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) is a type of cardiac surgery that uses smaller incisions than traditional open-heart surgery. In traditional open-heart surgery, the surgeon makes a long incision down the center of the chest to access the heart. In MICS, the surgeon makes one or more smaller incisions between the ribs.
MICS can be performed using a variety of techniques, including:
Benefits of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
MICS offers a number of benefits over traditional open-heart surgery, including
Types of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
MICS can be used to perform a variety of cardiac surgery procedures, including:
Who is a Candidate for Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery?
Not everyone is a candidate for MICS. Some patients may not be good candidates for MICS due to their overall health condition, the severity of their heart disease, or the anatomy of their heart.
To determine if you are a candidate for MICS, your doctor will perform a physical examination and review your medical history. They may also order tests such as an echocardiogram, stress test, or angiogram.
What to Expect During Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
On the day of surgery, you will be given general anesthesia and placed on a ventilator. The surgeon will then make one or more small incisions in your chest. The surgeon will then insert the surgical instruments through the incisions and perform the surgery.
The length of surgery will vary depending on the type of surgery being performed. Most MICS procedures take 2 to 4 hours to complete.
After surgery, you will be transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU) for close monitoring. You will typically spend 1 to 3 days in the ICU before being transferred to a regular hospital room.
Most MICS patients are able to go home from the hospital within 5 to 7 days of surgery.
Risks and Complications of Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery
MICS is a safe and effective procedure, but there are some risks and complications associated with all surgery, including:
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is a safe and effective alternative to traditional open-heart surgery.
Minimal Access Cardiac Surgery is a type of cardiac surgery that uses smaller incisions than traditional open-heart surgery.
MICS offers smaller incisions, less pain, faster recovery, and reduced risk of complications.
MICS can be used to perform a variety of cardiac surgery procedures, including aortic valve surgery, mitral valve surgery, CABG, the Maze procedure, and congenital heart surgery.
Not everyone is a candidate for MICS. Your doctor will determine if you are a candidate based on your overall health condition, the severity of your heart disease, and the anatomy of your heart.
MICS is a safe and effective procedure, but there are some risks and complications associated with all surgery, including bleeding, infection, heart attack, stroke, and damage to other organs.