Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring (ABPM)At CMC Dubai :
Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) is a diagnostic tool used to measure a person’s blood pressure over a 24-hour period. It involves wearing a portable blood pressure monitor that automatically measures and records blood pressure at regular intervals throughout the day and night. This method provides a more comprehensive and accurate assessment of blood pressure compared to a single blood pressure measurement taken in a doctor’s office.
ABPM is typically used in cases where a person’s blood pressure readings in the doctor’s office are inconsistent or if there is suspicion of white coat hypertension (elevated blood pressure in a medical setting). It helps in diagnosing conditions such as:
- Hypertension: ABPM can provide a better understanding of a person’s average blood pressure levels over a 24-hour period, including nighttime readings. It helps determine if a person has sustained high blood pressure.
- Hypotension: ABPM can also detect persistently low blood pressure levels, which may require further investigation.
Once a diagnosis is made based on the ABPM results, the appropriate treatment plan can be established. Treatment for high or low blood pressure may include:
- Lifestyle modifications: This typically involves adopting a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, following a balanced diet (low in sodium and high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains), limiting alcohol consumption, and avoiding smoking.
- Medications: If lifestyle changes alone are insufficient, medications may be prescribed to help manage blood pressure. There are various classes of medications available, including diuretics, beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), calcium channel blockers, and others. The specific medication(s) prescribed will depend on the individual’s condition and medical history.
- Regular monitoring: ABPM may be repeated periodically to assess the effectiveness of the treatment plan and to make any necessary adjustments.
It is important to note that the treatment approach will vary based on individual factors such as overall health, presence of other medical conditions, and the severity of hypertension or hypotension. It is recommended to consult with a healthcare professional who can provide personalized advice and guidance regarding diagnosis and treatment options.