Premature complexes is a condition that can occasionally cause an irregular heartbeat. This condition may manifest at random or in predictable patterns. It is an abnormal and wide QRS complex (Q wave, R wave and S wave) occurring earlier than expected in the cardiac cycle.
One may not notice any symptoms when experiencing premature complexes. However, if symptoms are noticeable, he/she may feel like the heart is fluttering, or heavily pounding in the chest. It could also feel like the heart is beating faster, skipping a beat.
A person’s heart’s capacity to pump blood effectively may be reduced if he/she experiences premature complexes frequently or for an extended period of time. Additional symptoms that may result from this include the following:
Even though ventricular premature complexes are frequently observed, their exact cause is not yet known. Ventricular premature complexes may be caused by a number of factors, including:
Some of the factors that may put one at risk of ventricular premature complexes include:
The diagnosis of ventricular premature complexes is considered challenging. The doctor may not notice these abnormal heartbeats during the examination if they occur at random. Therefore, the doctor may order additional tests to confirm the diagnosis. The tests may include:
The treatment for ventricular premature complexes is dependent on the patient’s overall health and the cause of the condition. Treatment options include:
Medication: The doctor may recommend certain medications if the patient’s ventricular premature complexes are caused by underlying health conditions.
Ablation: This is a procedure that uses radiofrequency waves to destroy damaged heart tissue that cause extra heartbeats. The procedure is used as a treatment option when medication haven’t worked.
Lifestyle changes: One may not require any treatment if his/her heart is healthy and doesn’t have any underlying heart condition. Simply staying away from stimulants like caffeine, tobacco, and alcohol can be of great benefit. Learning techniques for managing stress and anxiety can also help.