Adrenal tumors can form as either malignant (cancerous) or benign (noncancerous). The endocrine system, which releases hormones into the circulatory system, includes the adrenal glands. These hormones play a crucial role in a variety of bodily functions such as stress management, puberty and sexual development, and metabolism.
Adrenal tumors can develop at any age. However, children under the age of 5 and people in their 40s and 50s are more likely to be affected.
An individual’s risk of developing an adrenal tumor may be increased by specific hereditary disorders. These include:
The diverse nature of adrenal gland tumors makes them challenging to diagnose. During the diagnosis process, the doctor will do a comprehensive evaluation of the patient’s medical history and inquire about any symptoms.
One or more of the following tests may be recommended to check if the patient has an adrenal tumor or if treatment is working.
Blood tests: This test will be used to check for levels of certain hormones such as cortisol, aldosterone, plasma, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).
Urine tests: 24-hour urine collection.
Diagnostic tests such as:
If an individual is diagnosed with an adrenal gland tumor, the doctor will discuss the suitable options to treat it. Treatment will depend on a variety of factors including the type of the disease and the general health of the patient. This means that the treatment will be customized to the patient’s specific needs. Treatment options include:
An adrenal tumor is an abnormal growth of cells in the adrenal gland, which can be benign or malignant and may or may not cause symptoms.
An adrenal tumor may be diagnosed through imaging tests such as CT or MRI scans, and may be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, or medications depending on the type and size of the tumor and the individual patient's needs.