Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare type of breast cancer that develops when cancer cells block the lymphatic vessels in the skin covering the breast. This makes the breast appear reddish, swollen and feels tender. These types of cancer cells develop more rapidly.
According to research, inflammatory breast cancer is more prevalent in:
Causes of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
There are no clear causes of inflammatory breast cancer. However, it begins when breast cells develop changes in their DNA. The cell is normally found in one of the ducts that transport milk to the nipple; nevertheless, a cell in the glandular tissue (lobules) where breast milk is generated can potentially become cancerous. In this case, the DNA changes instruct the breast cells to multiply and develop rapidly. The abnormal cells that are accumulating invade and obstruct the lymphatic capillaries in the breast skin. It is the blockage in the lymphatic vessels that makes the skin appear red, swollen, and dimpled.
Risk Factors of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Factors that increase the risk of inflammatory breast cancer include:
Symptoms of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Symptoms associated with inflammatory breast cancer include:
Diagnosis of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
It can be a challenge to identify inflammatory breast cancer because there typically isn’t a lump to feel or detect on mammography. If a doctor suspects inflammatory breast cancer, any changes in the breast are monitored and a biopsy is performed.
Treatment of Inflammatory Breast Cancer
Doctors administer treatments for inflammatory breast disorder in a different approach from other cancers since inflammatory breast cancer is aggressive and its penetration into the breast skin is severe.
Treatment options include:
Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare and aggressive form of breast cancer that often presents with redness, swelling, and warmth of the breast, as well as a thickening of the skin that can resemble the appearance of an orange peel.
The symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer may include a red, swollen, and warm breast, thickening of the skin on the breast, nipple retraction or inversion, breast pain or tenderness, and a dimpled or ridged appearance of the breast skin.
Treatment for inflammatory breast cancer typically involves a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery, such as a mastectomy or lumpectomy. Targeted therapy and hormone therapy may also be used depending on the type and stage of the cancer.
In some cases, inflammatory breast cancer may be hereditary, particularly if there is a family history of the disease or if the patient carries certain genetic mutations such as BRCA1 or BRCA2.