Lumpectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of a cancerous mass consisting of abnormal tissues from a person’s breast. The surgery is a treatment option for early-stage breast cancer. A lumpectomy may occasionally also be performed to rule out a cancer diagnosis.
During the procedure, the doctor removes these tissues and a small amount of healthy tissue that surrounds the lump in the breast. By doing this, the surgeon ensures that all the cancer tissue is removed.
The procedure is also known as breast-conserving surgery or wide local excision due to the fact that only a section of the breast is removed. Terms like quadrantectomy and excisional biopsy may also be used in place of lumpectomy.
Radiation therapy is normally administered to the breast after a lumpectomy procedure to lower the risk of the cancer returning.
However, the doctor may not recommend a lumpectomy if the patient:
Just like every other surgical procedure, a lumpectomy also comes with possible complications and risks. These include:
Prior to the procedure, the patient is given a number of guidelines to follow in order to minimize any possible risks and to allow for faster healing. These guidelines include:
A lumpectomy is performed under general anesthesia and the duration is dependent of the overall health of the patient as well as the location and size of the tumor.
The surgeon then makes an incision over the tumor, removes the tumor, and sends it to the lab for analysis. In the event that the patient is having a sentimental node biopsy or an axillary lymph node dissection, the doctor will do the same procedure on the sentimental lymph node or nodes.
After removing the tumor, the surgeon will close the incisions in a manner that preserves the appearance of the patient’s breast. He/she uses dissolvable sutures to close the incision. And to hold the incision closed as it heals, thin adhesive strips may be place on the incision.
Immediately after the procedure, the patient will be taken to a recovery room where blood pressure, pulse, and breathing will be monitored. The patient should expect the following after the procedure:
lumpectomy is a type of surgery used to remove a breast lump, typically a cancerous tumor, along with a surrounding margin of healthy tissue.
No, a lumpectomy is not a type of breast reconstruction surgery. Breast reconstruction surgery is a separate procedure that is sometimes performed after a lumpectomy or mastectomy.
As with any surgery, there are risks and potential complications associated with a lumpectomy, including bleeding, infection, and changes to the appearance of the breast.
Yes, a lumpectomy can be performed on both breasts if there are cancerous lumps in each breast.