Mondor’s Disease of the Breast (MDB)
MDB is a rare and benign breast condition that is characterized by thrombophlebitis of the superficial walls of the chest. Clinically it appears as a sclerosis of the breast region that resembles a cable. MDB usually settles without any after-effects.
The condition primarily affects people in their 30s and 40s, and is approximately three times more common in women than men.
MDB is brought on by an inflamed vein just beneath the skin of the breast chest wall. Although it can affect any vein in the breast, it frequently affects those on the outside of the breast or beneath the nipple.
Causes of Mondor’s Breast Disease
Doctors haven’t established the exact cause of MDB, however, it can be caused by the following factors:
Symptoms of Mondor’s Disease
Common symptoms of Mondor’s disease include:
Diagnosis of Mondor’s disease
To make a definitive diagnosis, the primary doctor physically examines the patient and most likely refers her to a breast health specialist to be examined by a specialist doctor, who will ascertain the presence of Mondor’s disease.
If the results of the physical exam are unclear, the doctor may recommend a mammogram (breast X-ray) and/or ultrasound scan (a test that uses high-frequency sound waves to produce an image of breast tissue) so as to make the diagnosis.
Treatment for Mondor’s disease
On normal circumstances, the patient might not need any treatment for Mondor’s disease as it usually resolves by itself.
The pain will typically last for a few days or weeks, although the chord may persist for several months before it completely disappears. The patient might need to use painkillers such as anti-inflammatory medications (either as gel rubbed on the affected area, or as tablets). A warm compress (fabric pad) applied to the area can be of helpful in improving the condition.
The patient will also need to rest her arm and wear a well-fitting bra to help in relieving discomfort caused by the condition.
Can Mondor’s disease increase the risk of breast cancer?
According to medical specialists, MDB doesn’t increase an individual’s risk of developing cancer. However, it is important for the patient to be conscious of her breast condition so that should there be any worrying changes, to go back to the doctor.