Benign (non-cancerous) breast conditions are a tumor, cyst, irritation, or nipple discharge (fluid) in the female or male breast that is not malignant or cancerous. Breast cancer is mostly thought to be the cause of most breast abnormalities, however, not all breast conditions are cancerous.
Some types of breast conditions include:
There are several causes of benign breast conditions including:
Some of the common symptoms of benign breast conditions include:
Breast conditions manifest differently. Some will cause pain, and some will even remain undetectable unless one feels a lump, or a doctor discovers it during a routine mammogram.
Breast conditions are usually diagnosed through different screening techniques and can sometimes be detected during a routine screening.
When you visit a doctor, he/she might ask questions about symptoms you may be experiencing as well as family history of breast cancer. Afterwards, a physical exam of the breasts is conducted, which is done by the use of hands.
The doctor might then recommend further testing which may involve:
Mammogram: This is done through an X-ray, which produces internal pictures of the breast.
Ultrasound: This is an imaging test that uses high-frequency sound waves to take internal pictures of breast tissue.
Fine Needle Biopsy: If a lump is confirmed, a biopsy may be recommended. During this procedure a thin needle is connected to a syringe and inserted into the lump to remove a sample of tissue or fluid from the lump and sent to the lab for further examination under a microscope.
Benign breast conditions treatment is dependent on the type of the condition as well as the underlying cause. Treatment may include:
Most benign breast conditions do not increase the risk of developing breast cancer in future. However, there are some that are associated with a slight increase in the risk of developing cancer. Checking with your primary care physician and having routine breast screening is highly recommended.
The symptoms of Benign Breast Disease can vary depending on the type of condition, but may include breast lumps, breast pain, nipple discharge, breast tenderness, and changes in breast appearance.
Benign Breast Disease is typically diagnosed through a physical exam, mammogram, ultrasound, or biopsy.
Treatment options for Benign Breast Disease depend on the specific condition and its severity. Some cases may not require treatment, while others may require medication, surgery, or a combination of both.