Heart valve diseases are conditions that affect one or more of the heart’s four valves. With each heartbeat, valves open and close to keep blood flowing in the proper direction. Heart valve problems can arise if the valves are leaking (regurgitation), excessively narrow (stenosis), or lack of suitable opening (atresia).
Our US & German Board-Certified Cardiologists are experts at diagnosing and treating a wide range of heart valve complications and diseases.
Some of the common symptoms of heart valve disease include:
If left untreated, heart valve disease can lead to complications such as:
There are several factors that can increase a person’s risk of heart valve disease including:
The four valves of the heart namely the mitral, tricuspid, pulmonary, and aortic valves open and close once per heartbeat. When one or more of the valves fail to open or close properly, blood flow through a person’s heart to the body is disrupted.
Heart valve disease may be congenital-present at birth or develops in adults due to various causes and conditions such as infections and other heart conditions.
Some of the heart valve problems include:
To make a definitive diagnosis, the cardiologist will conduct a physical exam that will involve listening to the patient’s heart murmur, a possible sign of a heart valve condition.
The following tests might be recommended during the diagnosis:
Treatment for heart valve disease is based on the patient’s symptoms, the severity of the condition, and if it is worsening with time. During the treatment period, a cardiologist will monitor the patient’s condition with regular follow-ups.
The patient might also be asked to:
If the patient experiences atrial fibrillation, a specific type of abnormal heart rhythm, blood thinners are recommended in order to lower the risk of blood clots.